An instrument for the high temperature measurement of the Seebeck coefficient and electrical resistivity

GÜNEŞ M., PARLAK M., Ozenbas M.

MEASUREMENT SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.25, no.5, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1088/0957-0233/25/5/055901
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Keywords: thermoelectrics, beadless thermocouple, magnetic field elimination, differential, temperature, electrical resistivity, THERMOELECTRIC-MATERIALS, THERMAL-CONDUCTIVITY, THERMOPOWER, POWER, APPARATUS, SEMICONDUCTORS, NIOBIUM
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


A system for the simultaneous measurement of thermoelectric power and resistivity of one and/ or two samples over a temperature range of 300-1000 K in a vacuum chamber is designed and implemented. A sample probe is developed to provide its easy mounting and usage. In addition, two samples can be measured at the same time. Measurement accuracy has been enhanced by beadless thermocouples and micro-heaters that are specifically designed in order to minimize the 'cold-finger effect' and to eliminate some possible source of contact, design and measurement errors. A broad range of physical types and shapes of samples, such as bulk, bar or disc, can be measured by a software controlled system. A differential steady-state method has been applied for Seebeck coefficient measurement. Resistivity measurement is conducted with the axial technique of the four-point probe method. Platinum wire and a niobium rod are chosen as the standard samples. The total data error for the Seebeck coefficient and resistivity measurements is estimated to be less than 2.6% and 1%, respectively.