Enrichment of metals in the surface sediments of Sapanca Lake

Bakan G., Balkas T.

WATER ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH, vol.71, no.1, pp.71-74, 1999 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 71 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 1999
  • Doi Number: 10.2175/106143099x121463
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.71-74
  • Keywords: lake sediments, enrichment, trace metals, sediment quality, geoaccumulation index
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: No


A comprehensive lake sediment study was performed on the Sapanca Lake of Turkey in which certain metal analyses were conducted using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy. The purpose of the study was to find the enrichment of metals in the surface sediments of Sapanca Lake. A method, namely, the index of geoaccumulation, was used to define the degree of anthropogenic pollution in the Sapanca Lake basin. Results of the geoaccumulation index indicate that only enrichments of trace metals, cadmium, and lead are found.