Emerging Technologies in Environmental Bioremediation


Creative Commons License

Shah M. P. (Editor), Rodriguez-Couto S. (Editor), Şengör S. S. (Editor)

Elsevier Science, Oxford/Amsterdam , Amsterdam, 2020

  • Publication Type: Book / Vocational Book
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Publisher: Elsevier Science, Oxford/Amsterdam 
  • City: Amsterdam

Abstract

This book describes the state-of-the-art and possibilities of emerging technologies in environmental bioremediation, and reviews its various areas together with their related issues and implications. Considering the number of problems that define and concretize the field of environmental microbiology or bioremediation, the role of some bioprocesses and biosystems for environmental protection, control, and health based on the utilization of living organisms are analyzed. The book aims to provide a comprehensive view of advanced emerging technologies with environmental approaches for wastewater treatment, heavy metal removal, pesticide degradation, dye removal, waste management, microbial transformation of environmental contaminants, etc. With advancements in the area of environmental bioremediation, researchers are looking for new opportunities to improve quality standards and the environment. Recent technologies have given an impetus to the possibility of using renewable raw materials as a potential source of energy. Cost-intensive and ecofriendly technologies for producing high-quality products and efficient ways to recycle waste to minimize environmental pollution are the needs of hour. The use of bioremediation technologies through microbial communities is another viable option to remediate environmental pollutants, such as heavy metals, pesticides, and dyes. Since physicochemical technologies employed in the past have many potential drawbacks including their high cost and low sustainability, efficient biotechnological alternatives to overcome increasing environmental pollution are needed. Hence, environment-friendly technologies that can reduce the pollutants causing adverse hazards to humans and the surrounding environment are required. Environmental remediation, pollution prevention, detection, and monitoring are evaluated by considering the achievements, as well as the future prospects, in the development of biotechnology. Various relevant topics have been chosen to illustrate each of the main areas of environmental biotechnology: wastewater treatment, soil treatment, solid waste treatment, and waste gas treatment, dealing with both microbiological and process engineering aspects. The distinct role of emerging technologies in environmental bioremediation in the future is emphasized by considering the opportunities to contribute to new solutions and directions in the remediation of contaminated environments, as well as minimizing future waste release and creating pollution-preventing alternatives. To take advantage of these opportunities, innovative new strategies, which advance the use of molecular biological methods and genetic engineering technologies, are examined. These methods would improve the understanding of existing biological processes in order to increase their efficiency, productivity, and flexibility. Examples of the development and implementation of such strategies are included. Also, the contributions of environmental biotechnology to the progress of a more sustainable society are revealed.