Templated deposition of porous fullerene-C-60 in the interior of siliceous sponge spicules as a biogenic microvessel

DERİCİOĞLU A. F., Naumov P., Tanaka Y.

JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH, vol.27, no.22, pp.2851-2857, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 22
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1557/jmr.2012.300
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2851-2857
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The unique set of mechanical properties found in rigid biological tissues, which combine high strength and stiffness with superior toughness, offer inspiration for the design of advanced functional structural materials with outstanding performance. This paper reports on the first utilization of one such biogenic material-siliceous sponge spicules, the skeletal elements of sponges (Poriphera)-as a unique naturally nanostructured template for vacuum deposition, while also reporting on the effects of the required chemical and thermal treatments for template preparation on the material's microstructure and mechanical properties. The confined space within the central channel of spicules from the sponge Euplectella acts simultaneously as a nanotemplate and as a biogenic, optically transparent, glassy microchamber for the preparation of micrometer-sized clusters of fullerene-C-60 through vacuum deposition onto the nanostructured surface. This biological material allows an unprecedented and unique microporous morphology of C-60 particles to be obtained.