Increasing the Lifetime of Flash Memories Using Multi-Dimensional Graph-Based Codes

HAREEDY A. , Kuditipudi R., Calderbank R.

2019 IEEE Information Theory Workshop, ITW 2019, Visby, Sweden, 25 - 28 August 2019 identifier


© 2019 IEEE.In order to meet the demands of data-hungry applications, data storage devices are required to be increasingly denser. Various sources of error appear with this increase in density. Multi-dimensional (MD) graph-based codes are capable of mitigating error sources like interference and channel non-uniformity in dense storage devices. Recently, a technique was proposed to enhance the performance of MD spatially-coupled codes that are based on circulants. The technique carefully relocates circulants to minimize the number of short cycles. However, cycles become more detrimental when they combine together to form more advanced objects, e.g., absorbing sets, including low-weight codewords. In this paper, we show how MD relocations can be exploited to minimize the number of detrimental objects in the graph of an MD code. Moreover, we demonstrate the savings in the number of relocation arrangements earned by focusing on objects rather than cycles. Our technique is applicable to a wide variety of one-dimensional (OD) codes. Simulation results reveal significant lifetime gains in practical Flash systems achieved by MD codes designed using our technique compared with OD codes having similar parameters.