Late Telychian (early Silurian) graptolitic shales and the maximum Silurian highstand in the NW Anatolian Palaeozoic terranes

Sachanski V., GÖNCÜOĞLU M. C. , Gedik I.

PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY, vol.291, pp.419-428, 2010 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 291
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.palaeo.2010.03.011
  • Page Numbers: pp.419-428


The late Llandovery included a period of global sea-level rise with a maximum in the spiralis graptolite Biozone, recorded by black graptolitic shales or red beds. Recent work in the less- known Silurian successions in the Zonguldak Terrane, NW Anatolia, has revealed the presence of Llandovery graptolitic black shales in the lower part of the Findikli Formation in the Camdag, Catak and Karadere areas. In the Camdag area, the "black shale member" yielded numerous well preserved graptolite rhabdosomes, including Oktavites spiralis, Barrandeograptus pulchellus and Retiolites geinitzianus. It is suggested that the graptolitic shales in this area were deposited during the spiralis-lower lapworthi zones. In the Catak and Ovacik areas, black shales intercalated with yellow shales yielded O. spiralis and R. geinitzianus. The deposition of black shales is related to the time of maximum Silurian sea level.