Impact of School Type On Student Academic Achievement

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Cansiz M., Ozbaylanli B., Colakoglu M. H.

EGITIM VE BILIM-EDUCATION AND SCIENCE, vol.44, no.197, pp.275-314, 2019 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 44 Issue: 197
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.15390/eb.2019.7378
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index, Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.275-314
  • Keywords: School type, Public school, Private school, Student achievement, Causal inference, Evaluation, regression adjustment, Inverse probability weighting, Exact matching, Doubly robust estimation, PROPENSITY SCORE, SUCCESS, EDUCATION, FAMILIES, HEALTH


This study aims to investigate the causal effects of school type on the student achievement. Schools type involves two categories: public schools and private schools; whereas student achievement is defined in terms of an overall measure named as Basis for Admission Score (BAS), which is a weighted score reflecting both the grades obtained from courses in each school and the points obtained at nation-wide centralized exams. Factors used as controls in the study include gender of the student, parental attributes (are they alive and live together; their levels of education and occupations), type of the house (own/rent/public housing), separate room of the student, city the family lives in and the level of development of the geographical region. This study utilizes a dataset comprising 3,752,374 secondary school students, which covers all of the student population of Turkish secondary schools within 2014-2016 period. This comprehensive dataset is utilized for the first time in such a study.