Synthesis and characterization of conducting and non-conducting polymers of sodium 2,4,6-trichlorophenolate by microwave initiation


Cakmak O., Basturkmen M., Kisakurek D.

POLYMER, vol.45, no.16, pp.5451-5458, 2004 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 45 Issue: 16
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.polymer.2004.06.049
  • Journal Name: POLYMER
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.5451-5458

Abstract

A novel synthesis of poly(dichlorophenylene oxide) and a conducting polymer were achieved simultaneously from 2,4,6-trichlorophenol in a very short time, using microwave energy. The characterizations of poly(dichlorophenylene oxide) and the conducting polymer were performed by DSC, TGA, elemental analysis, FTIR, H-1 and C-13 NMR, SEM, MS and X-ray diffraction spectrometer analyses. The combined molecular weight of the polymer, 1.8 x 10(4), was determined by using viscometry measurement. Poly(dichlorophenylene oxide) displaces selectivity in the favor of mainly 1,2-addition structure. The optimum conditions for the polymer and the conducting polymer synthesis were 70 W for 5 min and 100 W for 1 min, respectively. The direct synthesis of highly conducting polymer, with the conductivity of 0.3 S cm(-2) were achieved in the absence of applied doping process in a very short time sequence. Conductivity-temperature relation was examined for the conducting polymer. (C) 2004 Published by Elsevier Ltd.