{Female Education As A Path To Family Health - Is It A Panacea? Evidence From Turkish Health Surveys

Özen İ. C. , Ahsen A.

EUHEA- European Health Economıcs Association, Oslo, Norway, 5 - 08 July 2022, pp.35-36

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: Oslo
  • Country: Norway
  • Page Numbers: pp.35-36


The compulsory schooling reform introduced in 1997 had a substantial effect on the middle

school graduations of women. By taking advantage of this natural experiment, we aim at investigating

the impacts of women education on health-related decisions and health outcomes

for themselves and their children. After confirming the validity of the reform effect, we continued

our research by using an instrumental variable approach in accordance with the fuzzy

regression design. The results reveal that having at least a middle school diploma contributes

to the possibility of using family planning methods and it also has a significant impact on the

timing, and frequency of antenatal care demand. We also observed alterations in healthcare

institution preferences caused by middle school education. For instance, rather weak evidence

suggests a shift from private to public institution preference for antenatal care and delivery,

and an adverse education effect on acknowledging family physician as a primary health service

provider is also reported. Even education effect on self health-related healthcare usage

found insignificant, results suggest a positive maternal education effect on the possibility of visiting a healthcare institution for healthy children aged between 0-6. Together with the

improvements observed in woman’s likelihood of being in a healthy BMI range, we find evidence

for that middle school education of mother also improves birth weight of female babies,

reduce the probability of born with low birth weight and support higher anthropometric measures

for children. Based on these results it is concluded that the impact of middle school

education can be traced into various elements that construct the woman’s decision pattern for

health and consequently in her and her children’s health outcomes.