Observation of gamma-ray emission from the galaxy M87 above 250 GeV with VERITAS

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Acciari V. A. , Beilicke M., Blaylock G., Bradbury S. M. , Buckley J. H. , Bugaev V., ...More

ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, vol.679, no.1, pp.397-403, 2008 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 679 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1086/587458
  • Title of Journal : ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL
  • Page Numbers: pp.397-403


The multiwavelength observation of the nearby radio galaxy M87 provides a unique opportunity to study in detail processes occurring in active galactic nuclei from radio waves to TeV gamma-rays. Here we report the detection of gamma-ray emission above 250 GeV from M87 in spring 2007 with the VERITAS atmospheric Cerenkov telescope array and discuss its correlation with the X-ray emission. The gamma-ray emission is measured to be pointlike with an intrinsic source radius less than 4.5'. The differential energy spectrum is fitted well by a power-law function: d Phi/dE = (7.4 +/- 1.3(stat) +/- 1.5(sys))(E/TeV)((-2.31 +/- 0.17stat +/- 0.2sys)) 10(-9) m(-2) s(-1) TeV(-1). We show strong evidence for a year-scale correlation between the gamma-ray flux reported by TeV experiments and the X-ray emission measured by the ASM RXTE observatory, and discuss the possible short-timescale variability. These results imply that the gamma-ray emission from M87 is more likely associated with the core of the galaxy than with other bright X-ray features in the jet.