The drum spring (DS) retractor: A constant and continuous force for canine retraction


Creative Commons License

Darendeliler M., Darendeliler H., Uner O.

EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ORTHODONTICS, vol.19, no.2, pp.115-130, 1997 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 19 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 1997
  • Doi Number: 10.1093/ejo/19.2.115
  • Journal Name: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ORTHODONTICS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.115-130

Abstract

Although much research has been undertaken on the rate of tooth movement, with different hypotheses having been put forward, the concepts of threshold, light, heavy and optimal forces are not still clear.