233rd ECS Meeting, Washington, United States Of America, 13 - 17 May 2018, pp.1295
The spent pickle liquor contains the dissolved metal salts of iron, chrome, copper, nickel and zinc . The acid can be cleaned from its impurities, except for its copper ion, by the regeneration process. When the copper concentration of the pickling solution exceeds the level of about 100 ppm, the copper inside the solution replaces the iron in the steel and copper starts plating randomly on the metal surface in the following pickling processes. Because of the plating problem, the acid needs to be discard from the acid line. By adding fresh acid to the line the discarding can be delayed . An electrochemical procedure was conducted to overcome the cementation problem experimentally in an environmental and economical way. Electrowinning of dilute copper from strong acid solution is a challenge in this case so the optimum current density, electrolysis duration and the electrode materials were determined in this study. It was found that increase in the current density and electrolysis duration increases the copper removal, but changes the morphology of deposits. A slower compact deposition procedure was selected to achieve continuous removal of copper instead of faster discontinuous powder deposition from the regenerated pickling solutions of steel plants.