Radiative heat transfer in strongly forward scattering media of circulating fluidized bed combustors

Ates C., Ozen G., SELÇUK N., KÜLAH G.

JOURNAL OF QUANTITATIVE SPECTROSCOPY & RADIATIVE TRANSFER, vol.182, pp.264-276, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 182
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jqsrt.2016.06.009
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.264-276
  • Keywords: MOL solution of DOM, Grey/non-grey gas radiation, Forward scattering, Normalized Henyey-Greenstein phase function, Transport approximation, DISCRETE ORDINATES METHOD, GRAY-GASES MODEL, OXY-FUEL COMBUSTION, LINES SOLUTION, WEIGHTED-SUM, CYLINDRICAL ENCLOSURES, PARTICIPATING MEDIA, COAL COMBUSTION, PARTICLE, FREEBOARD
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Investigation of the effect of particle scattering on radiative incident heat fluxes and source terms is carried out in the dilute zone of the lignite-fired 150 kWt Middle East Technical University Circulating Fluidized Bed Combustor (METU CFBC) test rig. The dilute zone is treated as an axisymmetric cylindrical enclosure containing grey/non-grey, absorbing, emitting gas with absorbing, emitting non/isotropically/anisotropically scattering particles surrounded by grey diffuse walls. A two-dimensional axisymmetric radiation model based on Method of Lines (MOL) solution of Discrete Ordinates Method (DOM) coupled with Grey Gas (GG)/Spectral Line Based Weighted Sum of Grey Gases Model (SLW) and Mie theory/geometric optics approximation (GOA) is extended for incorporation of anisotropic scattering by using normalized Henyey-Greenstein (HG)/transport approximation for the phase function. Input data for the radiation model is obtained from predictions of a comprehensive model previously developed and benchmarked against measurements on the same CFBC burning low calorific value indigenous lignite with high volatile matter/fixed carbon (VM/FC) ratio in its own ash. Predictive accuracy and computational efficiency of nonscattering, isotropic scattering and forward scattering with transport approximation are tested by comparing their predictions with those of forward scattering with HG. GG and GOA based on reflectivity with angular dependency are found to be accurate and CPU efficient. Comparisons reveal that isotropic assumption leads to under-prediction of both incident heat fluxes and source terms for which discrepancy is much larger. On the other hand, predictions obtained by neglecting scattering were found to be in favorable agreement with those of forward scattering at significantly less CPU time. Transport approximation is as accurate and CPU efficient as HG. These findings indicate that negligence of scattering is a more practical choice in solution of the radiative transfer equation (RTE) in conjunction with conservation equations for the system under consideration. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.