Numerical analyses of load tests on model foundations in dry sand

Unsever Y. S., Matsumoto T., ÖZKAN M. Y.

COMPUTERS AND GEOTECHNICS, vol.63, pp.255-266, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 63
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.compgeo.2014.10.005
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.255-266
  • Keywords: Piled raft, Vertical load test, Horizontal load test, Numerical modelling, Hardening soil model, PILED RAFTS, BEHAVIOR
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this study, a series of vertical and cyclic horizontal load tests on 3-pile piled raft model were carried out in dry sand to investigate the piled raft behaviour under combined loads. Also, numerical modelling of experiments were carried out by using FEM software, PLAXIS 3D. Hardening soil model was employed to model the sand, and elastic model was used for the pile and the raft. Soil parameters were estimated from consolidated drained triaxial tests carried on the sand samples and pile parameters were estimated from simple bending tests. It is seen that the behaviour of piled raft is considerably influenced by the interaction of the raft and the piles, and that it is not possible to estimate piled raft behaviour by examining its components individually. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.