Determination of instantaneous breaking rate by Geological Strength Index, Block Punch Index and power of impact hammer for various rock mass conditions

Aksoy C. O., Ozacar V., DEMİREL N., Ozer S. C., Safak S.

TUNNELLING AND UNDERGROUND SPACE TECHNOLOGY, vol.26, no.4, pp.534-540, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.tust.2011.02.005
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.534-540
  • Keywords: Instantaneous breaking rate, Rock excavability, Impact hammer, Block Punch Index, Rock mass properties, UNIAXIAL COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH, SUPPORT DESIGN, SCHMIDT HAMMER, PERFORMANCE, TUNNEL
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In mining and construction industries, selection of appropriate excavation method and equipment significantly affects the project feasibility. In the selection, the most important parameters are the geomechanical properties of the rock mass in the excavation route as extensively reviewed in literature. The most widely used geomechanical parameter is uniaxial compressive strength (UCS). However, UCS laboratory test requires time consuming and expensive sampling and core sample preparation processes, which can be quite difficult or sometimes impossible for a weak rock material taken from foliated, laminated or thinly bedded rock masses of low Rock Quality Designation (RQD) values (0-20%). For these reasons, Block Punch Index (BPI) test, which has thus gained an importance for the last decade because of its simplicity, has become applicable to determine rock strength for highly-jointed and weak rocks of low RQD. BPI provides significant convenience particularly for laminated-foliated-anisotropic rocks. In this study, the excavability of various rocks with impact hammer was investigated using Geological Strength Index (GSI), power of impact hammer (P), BPI. Valuable results from which the users could benefit were obtained. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.