A comparison of safety performance indices in coal mine industry in Turkey and some other major countries will enable authorities to develop strategies in order to take the relevant precautions and eventually improve coal industry in Turkey. This paper presents a comparative study on the basis of accident information for the last decades of Turkish coal mining industry. Turkish data contains two components: public lignite coal recordings and data including both lignite and hard coal produced by public and private sectors. The collected data for all related countries was averaged across a number of years, usually last ten years, in an attempt to remove some of the statistical variations resulting from the small annual differences, Basic safety performance values such as accident frequency rate and fatality frequency rate are illustrated graphically in the form of bar charts for each million tons of coal produced, thousand employees at work and million man-hours of exposure. When only lignite figures are considered, Turkish coal mining sector compares well with the safety performance figures of other countries. In the case of general coal values, however, Turkish coal industry was seen to be one of the most hazardous coal mining industries among the countries evaluated in this study.