Investigation of the failure mechanism and stabilization of a landslide in weathered tuffite, Giresun, northeastern Turkey

Avsar O., Akgün H., Kockar M. K.

ENVIRONMENTAL EARTH SCIENCES, vol.72, pp.3723-3740, 2014 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 72
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12665-014-3323-5
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.3723-3740
  • Keywords: Landslide, Failure mechanism, Inclinometer, Weathered tuffite, Back analysis, Sensitivity analysis, Slope stabilization, Pseudostatic slope stability analysis, LIMESTONE, DESIGN
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


This study investigates the causes and failure mechanism of the Aksu landslide that occurred during the construction of the Giresun-Espiye road between KM: 1 + 030-1 + 170 in northern Turkey and recommends proper stabilization techniques. For the purpose of investigating the causes and mechanism of this slope failure, engineering geological mapping, geotechnical investigation and rock mass characterization were performed. From top to bottom, weathered tuffite, tuffite, flysch, and dacitic tuffite were the major units in the study area. The disturbance of the slope by the excavations performed at the toe of the slope (i.e., due to the foundation excavation for the Tunel restaurant building and for the road cut) led to a "translational slide". The "translational slide" occurred in completely weathered tuffite due to the disturbance of the stability of the slope by the excavations performed at the toe of the slope, particularly for the foundation excavation of the Tunel restaurant building and for the road cut along the Giresun-Espiye road. The rise in the groundwater level was also another important factor that has contributed to the occurrence of the landslide. After establishing the geometry of the landslide in detail, the shear strength parameters of the failure surface were determined by the back analysis method. Sensitivity analyses were performed and landslide failure mechanisms were modeled to quantify the contributing factors that have caused the formation of the Aksu landslide. The influence of an earthquake was investigated through pseudostatic slope stability analysis. Toe buttressing, ground water drainage, and surface water drainage alternatives were considered for stabilizing the slope.