BACKGROUND: Open spina bifida is a major congenital anomaly with an estimated incidence of <1 in 1000. The diagnosis of open spina bifida is usually made during the second trimester, but first-trimester detection rate of spina bifida is increasingly reported. Recently, the mean choroid plexus length to occipitofrontal diameter ratio was reported to be increased in fetuses with open spina bifida. The ratio reflects the so-called dry brain effect caused by cerebrospinal fluid leakage and expansion of the choroid plexus into the lateral ventricles. The mean choroid plexus length to occipitofrontal diameter ratio appears to be a promising tool for early detection of open spina bifida, but its diagnostic accuracy is yet to be determined in a large cohort.