Hacettepe Journal of Mathematics and Statistics, vol.53, no.1, pp.145-154, 2024 (SCI-Expanded)
Let X be a proper algebraic scheme over an algebraically closed field. We assume that a torus T acts on X such that the action has isolated fixed points. The T-graph of X can be defined using the fixed points and the one-dimensional orbits of the T-action. If the upper Borel subgroup of the general linear group with maximal torus T acts on X, then we can define a second graph associated to X, called the A-graph of X. We prove that the A-graph of X is connected if and only if X is connected. We use this result to give proof of Hartshorne’s theorem on the connectedness of the Hilbert scheme in the case of d points in ℙn.