Effect of isothermal transformation treatment and tempering on the microstructure and hardness of a medium c and high si steels

Kafadar G., Kalkanlı A., Özdemir A. T., Ögel B.

ISIJ International, vol.61, no.5, pp.1679-1687, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 61 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.2355/isijinternational.isijint-2020-419
  • Journal Name: ISIJ International
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, Metadex, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.1679-1687
  • Keywords: bainite transformation, microstructure, secondary hardening, bainite, characterization, STRENGTH BAINITIC STEELS, MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES, SILICON STEELS, TEMPERATURE, CARBON, FERRITE, DESIGN, OPTIMIZATION, BEHAVIOR
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


© 2021 Iron and Steel Institute of Japan. All rights reserved.This research work aims to study the effect of 2wt%Mo on bainitic transformation kinetics and bainite morphology in 0.6wt%C-1.2wt%Si-1.0wt%Mn-0.2wt%Cr steel. Specimens are austenitized at 950°C and rapidly cooled in salt bath and isothermally treated between 200°C-300°C for different time intervals. Another set of specimens are rapidly cooled in oil after an austenitization treatment and then tempered in the temperature range of 200°C-550°C. In C-Mn-Si specimens, the amount of retained austenite increases with increasing the amount of bainite but no retained austenite is observed in bainitic C-Mn-Si-Mo specimens. The tempering behavior of C-Mn-Si-Mo alloy is considerably different than that of the Mo free alloy. Mo in a martensitic microstructure of C-Mn-Si-Mo alloy shows the secondary hardening effect peak upon tempering at 500°C. The examination of the secondary hardening would also contribute to the behavior of Mo in tempered bainitic steels. The bainitic specimens do not show a peak hardness but softening is retarded upon tempering at the same temperature range.