Loneliness and Negative Affective Conditions in Adults: Is There Any Room for Hope in Predicting Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms?


Muyan M., Chang E. C. , Jilani Z., Yu T., Lin J., Hirsch J. K.

JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY, vol.150, no.3, pp.333-341, 2016 (SSCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 150 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00223980.2015.1039474
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.333-341
  • Keywords: depressive symptoms, adults, anxiety, loneliness, hope, ANXIOUS SYMPTOMS, INVENTORY, PERFECTIONISM, RELIABILITY, MODERATOR, VALIDITY, VERSION, BELONG, SENSE, RISK
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

This study examined the role of hope in understanding the link between loneliness and negative affective conditions (viz., anxiety and depressive symptoms) in a sample of 318 adults. As expected, loneliness was found to be a significant predictor of both anxiety and depressive symptoms. Noteworthy, hope was found to significantly augment the prediction of depressive symptoms, even after accounting for loneliness. Furthermore, we found evidence for a significant Loneliness x Hope interaction effect in predicting anxiety. A plot of the interaction confirmed that the association between loneliness and anxiety was weaker among high, compared to low, hope adults. Some implications of the present findings are discussed.