Hybrid deep learning models for multivariate forecasting of global horizontal irradiation

Vakitbilir N., Hilal A., Direkoglu C.

NEURAL COMPUTING & APPLICATIONS, vol.34, no.10, pp.8005-8026, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 34 Issue: 10
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00521-022-06907-0
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Applied Science & Technology Source, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, Index Islamicus, INSPEC, zbMATH
  • Page Numbers: pp.8005-8026
  • Keywords: Global horizontal irradiation, Deep learning, Time-series forecasting, Seasonal forecasting, Hybrid forecasting algorithms, SUPPORT VECTOR MACHINE, SOLAR-RADIATION, PREDICTION, REGRESSION, TIME, OPTIMIZATION, SELECTION, ACCURACY, NETWORKS
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Increasing photovoltaic (PV) instalments could affect the stability of the electrical grid as the PV produces weather-dependent electricity. However, prediction of the power output of the PV panels or incoming radiation could help to tackle this problem. It has been concluded within the European Actions "Weather Intelligence for Renewable Energies" framework that more research is needed on short-term energy forecasting using different models, locations and data for a complete overview of all possible scenarios around the world representing all possible meteorological conditions. On the other hand, for the Mediterranean region, there is a need for studies that cover a larger spectrum of forecasting algorithms. This study focuses on forecasting short-term GHI for Kalkanli, Northern Cyprus, while aiming to contribute to ongoing research on developing prediction models by testing different hybrid forecasting algorithms. Three different hybrid models are proposed using convolutional neural network (CNN), long short-term memory (LSTM) and support vector regression (SVR), and the proposed hybrid models are compared with the performance of stand-alone models, i.e. CNN, LSTM and SVR, for the short-term GHI estimation. We present our results with several evaluation metrics and statistical analysis. This is the first time such a study conducted for GHI prediction.