1st International Conference on Sustainable Chemical & Environmental Engineering, Rethimnon, Greece, 31 August - 04 September 2022
Civil aviation is defined as all aviation activities carried out for non-military purposes, such as private, sporting, or commercial. This sector has proliferated since the late 1940s globally (Addepalli et al., 2018). However, this rapid growth causes environmental degradation and brings sustainable aviation practices into the national green transition agendas ( Planès et al, 2021). This paper examines the concept of sustainability in civil aviation by (i) describing the historical background of international civil aviation (in the world and in Turkiye) ii) reviewing the literature on sustainability in civil aviation (emphasis on international aviation organizations designing sustainable aviation policies, i.e. ICAO) iii) elaborating the case of Air France-KLM as a best practice example (Air France-KLM, 2022). This paper evaluates the relevant breakthroughs of the global civil aviation industry, the goals of international authorities, and Turkiye's approach to providing suggestions for harmonizing the Turkish civil aviation industry with the globe. In the literature, it is seen that solutions to sustainability problems are mostly sought by referring to technological developments. This study states that; integrative approaches by the sectoral and policy actors need to be produced to achieve effective results in sustainable aviation. For this purpose, we made a comprehensive literature review and content analysis of the relevant documents and reports to have a snapshot of sustainable aviation practices by analyzing the related international and national policy documents for sustainable aviation such as BM ICAO CORSIA and EU Green Deal ( EC, 2022). Then, Air France KLM Example is elaborated to derive the lessons learned for improving the sustainable aviation practices in Turkiye.