Women in management: Still waiting to be full members of the club

Sumer H. C.

SEX ROLES, vol.55, pp.63-72, 2006 (Journal Indexed in SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 55
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11199-006-9059-2
  • Title of Journal : SEX ROLES
  • Page Numbers: pp.63-72
  • Keywords: women in management, gender roles, sex-typing, role congruity, SEX-ROLE STEREOTYPES, GENDER STEREOTYPES, BENEVOLENT SEXISM, LEADERSHIP, FEMALE


The purpose of this study was first to explore the dimensionality of the ratings made for a successful middle manager using the Schein Descriptive Index (SDI) (Schein, 1973), and then to compare the ratings made for a successful middle manager, a women, and a man on the identified dimensions. Students (N=806) enrolled in psychology courses in a university in Ankara, Turkey rated the SDI adjectives to describe a woman, a man, or a successful middle manager. Three factors were identified that underlie the SDI adjectives for a successful middle manager: relationship-orientation, task-orientation, and emotional stability. Compared to men and middle managers in general, women were perceived by all participants to be relatively high in relationship-orientation, relatively low in task-orientation, and relatively low in emotional stability. Implications of the findings are discussed using role congruity theory as a general framework.