The Effects of JPEG and JPEG2000 Compression on Attacks using Adversarial Examples

Temizel A., Taşkaya Temizel T., Aydemir A. E.

Technical Report, pp.1-4, 2018

  • Publication Type: Other Publication / Technical Report
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-4
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Adversarial examples are known to have a negative effect on the performance of classifiers which have otherwise good performance on undisturbed images. These examples are generated by adding non-random noise to the testing samples in order to make classifier misclassify the given data. Adversarial attacks use these intentionally generated examples and they pose a security risk to the machine learning based systems. To be immune to such attacks, it is desirable to have a pre-processing mechanism which removes these effects causing misclassification while keeping the content of the image. JPEG and JPEG2000 are well-known image compression techniques which suppress the high-frequency content taking the human visual system into account. JPEG has been also shown to be an effective method for reducing adversarial noise. In this paper, we propose applying JPEG2000 compression as an alternative and systematically compare the classification performance of adversarial images compressed using JPEG and JPEG2000 at different target PSNR values and maximum compression levels. Our experiments show that JPEG2000 is more effective in reducing adversarial noise as it allows higher compression rates with less distortion and it does not introduce blocking artifacts.