Spatial analysis of contemporary Turkish elections: a comprehensive approach

ÖZEN İ. C. , Kalkan K. O.

TURKISH STUDIES, vol.18, no.2, pp.358-377, 2017 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 18 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/14683849.2016.1259576
  • Journal Name: TURKISH STUDIES
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.358-377
  • Keywords: Turkish elections, electoral geography, spatial analysis, competition, concentration, party nationalization, PARTIES, NUMBER, GEOGRAPHY, TURKEY


This study offers a comprehensive approach to spatial analysis of parliamentary elections in Turkey since 2002. Using advanced spatial models, we find that electoral competitiveness and concentration mostly stabilized in the Western subprovinces whereas they are still in flux in the Eastern and Southern regions. There is an increasing level of geographically dependent concentration and competitiveness in recent elections, particularly in the 2015 elections (June and November). Our analyses also show that while the ruling AKP party has become the party of all regions, its competitors (CHP, MHP, and HDP) exhibit a narrowing geographical appeal.