Assessment of shrinkage-swelling influences in coal seams using rank-dependent physical coal properties

Balan H. O., Gumrah F.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COAL GEOLOGY, vol.77, pp.203-213, 2009 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 77
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.coal.2008.09.014
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.203-213
  • Keywords: Coal rank, Physical coal property, Enhanced coalbed methane recovery, Shrinkage, Swelling, CO2 sequestration, METHANE PRODUCTION, BASIN, CO2, SEQUESTRATION, TRANSPORT, RECOVERY, PRESSURE, ORIGINS, CLEAT
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Characterization of coal reservoirs and determination of in-situ physical coal properties related to transport mechanism are complicated due to having lack of standard procedures in the literature. By considering these difficulties, a new approach has been developed proposing the usage of relationships between coal rank and physical coal properties. In this study, effects of shrinkage and swelling (SS) on total methane recovery at CO2 breakthrough (TMRB), which includes ten-year primary methane recovery and succeeding enhanced coalbed methane (ECBM) recovery UP to CO2 breakthrough, and CO2 sequestration have been investigated by using rank-dependent coal properties. In addition to coal rank, different coal reservoir types, molar compositions of injected fluid, and parameters within the extended Palmer & Mansoori (P&M) permeability model were considered. As a result of this study, shrinkage and swelling lead to an increase in TMRB. Moreover. swelling increased CO2 breakthrough time and decreased displacement ratio and CO2 storage for all ranks of coal. Low-rank coals are affected more negatively than high-rank coals by swelling. Furthermore, it was realized that dry coal reservoirs are more influenced by swelling than others and saturated wet coals are more suitable for eliminating the negative effects of CO2 injection. In addition, it was understood that it is possible to reduce swelling effect Of CO2 on cleat permeability by mixing it with N-2 before injection. However, an economical optimization is required for the selection of proper gas mixture. Finally, it is concluded from sensitivity analysis that elastic modulus is the most important parameter, except the initial cleat porosity, controlling SS in the extended P&M model by highly affecting TMRB. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.