Limitations of three-phase Buckley-Leverett theory

Akin S., Demiral M.

ENERGY SOURCES, vol.27, no.9, pp.857-865, 2005 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2005
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00908310490450845
  • Journal Name: ENERGY SOURCES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.857-865
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The broad objective of this study is to determine the limitations of the three-phase relative permeability estimation technique by using the experimental approach. In order to achieve this goal, three-phase relative permeability experiments were conducted on a Berea sandstone core plug by using brine, hexane and nitrogen gas. An unsteady-state analytical technique and a numerical technique where a black oil simulator was coupled with a global optimization algorithm in a least squares manner was used to compute three-phase relative permeabilities. It has been found that basic assumptions of linear flow and monotonic saturation changes, required for three-phase extensions of two-phase Johnson-Bossler-Nauman (JBN) theory, are violated in the displacement experiments, leading to errors in computed relative permeabilites even at high rates.