Impacts of inhomogeneous clamping force on local performance and liquid water formation in polymer electrolyte fuel cells

MEHRTASH M., Tani I., Yesilyurt S.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, vol.42, no.30, pp.19227-19245, 2017 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 30
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2017.06.139
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.19227-19245
  • Keywords: Polymer electrolyte fuel cell, Clamping force, Effective diffusivity, Local current distribution, Phase change rate, Liquid water saturation, GAS-DIFFUSION LAYER, SUBMILLIMETER RESOLUTION, COMPRESSION, MODEL, MEMBRANE, TRANSPORT, 2-PHASE, MULTIPHASE, CATHODE, PEMFC
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


A two dimensional, half-cell, non-isothermal, multi-phase model of a polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) is developed. The model accounts for the acting clamping force on the cell with accompanying effects on gas transport properties and contact resistances. Spatial variations of anisotropic structural and physical properties of gas diffusion layers (GDLs) in both in-plane and through-plane directions are considered. Designed mechanistic model is compared and validated with the experimental data for voltage-current characteristics and channel-rib current density distribution for the first time. Significant changes are observed in local gas and water concentrations as well as current density profiles with respect to cell compression and humidity ratios of entrant gases. Compression exacerbates the liquid saturation under the rib in consequence of porosity and permeability reduction. Under compression, phase change rate increases in the cell; degree of supersaturation under the channel escalates leading to higher condensation rate while degree of undersaturation under the rib increases leading to higher evaporation rate. (C) 2017 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.