Globalization and its challenges for developing countries: the case of Turkish higher education

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Akar H.

ASIA PACIFIC EDUCATION REVIEW, vol.11, pp.447-457, 2010 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 11
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12564-010-9086-0
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.447-457
  • Keywords: Higher education, Globalization, Turkey, TURKEY
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


This paper examines the challenges faced by the Turkish higher education system and exposes the inequities and realities educators in a developing nation must struggle with as they try to find a prestigious spot in the knowledge-production industry. After a brief overview of the literature that illustrates how globalization penetrated into each stage of development of Turkey's modern institutions of higher education, the paper presents a discussion, based on national and international statistics, of the challenges these institutions face as a result of globalization, namely increasing demands for higher education; faculty shortages; the internationalization of higher education; research and knowledge production; and the process of financing higher education.