HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER, vol.40, pp.91-97, 2003 (SCI-Expanded)
The solidification of an infinitely long square prism was analyzed numerically. A front fixing technique along with an algebraic grid generation scheme was used, where the finite difference form of the energy equation is solved for the temperature distribution in the solid phase and the solid-liquid interface energy balance is integrated for the new position of the moving solidification front. Results are given for the moving solidification boundary with a circular phase change interface. An algebraic grid generation scheme was developed for two-dimensional domains, which generates grid points separated by equal distances in the physical domain. The current scheme also allows the implementation of a finer grid structure at desired locations in the domain. The method is based on fitting a constant arc length mesh in the two computational directions in the physical domain. The resulting simultaneous, nonlinear algebraic equations for the grid locations are solved using the Newton-Raphson method for a system of equations. The approach is used in a two-dimensional solidification problem, in which the liquid phase is initially at the melting temperature, solved by using a front-fixing approach. The difference of the current study lies in the fact that front fixing is applied to problems, where the solid-liquid interface is curved such that the position of the interface, when expressed in terms of one of the coordinates is a double valued function. This requires a coordinate transformation in both coordinate directions to transform the complex physical solidification domain to a Cartesian, square computational domain. Due to the motion of the solid-liquid interface in time, the computational grid structure is regenerated at every time step.