INTERNATIONAL DISASTER AND RESILIENCE CONGRESS - FROM RISK TO RESILIENCE, Eskişehir, Türkiye, 26 - 28 Haziran 2019
As indicated by German sociologist Ulrich Beck (2011) based on the common features of risks of contemporary societies that paved the way for, ‘the risks’ exist as long as they are anticipated and visualized. Due to having transboundary impacts that could exceed beyond the boundaries of nations, generations and classes like the effects of climate change as well as having difficulties in calculating and compensating possible bearings it is necessary to take precautions to decrease the possible impacts before happening. It is critically essential to be visualized by expected and unexpected scenarios on top of previous data and to have management of it in order to be sustained as being resilient societies towards disaster risks that contemporary society is exposed to. As being present state that has been developed by each international meeting since 90’s the current agenda indicates the followings; increasing international knowledge transfer and cooperation for disaster risk reduction as well as national and local knowledge and disaster awareness is the highest priority; information, innovation and education should be used for constructing resiliency and safety culture at all levels; it is necessary to build preparedness at all levels; investing on disaster risk reduction would lead up to “risk-informed sustainable development” in order to strengthen risk governance and ensure resiliency (HFA 2005, SFDRR 2015, GAR 2019).
In this paper starting from above-mentioned state of art and progresses it is highlighted that since 1999 earthquakes there is a necessity to make auditing the last 20 years to see where Turkey is today. While doing this, it is also aimed to open a discussion about the ways for implementing DRR and creating risk-informed resilient and sustainable society. It can be said that we have made several positive steps in many aspects. One of them is the training activities that aim to provide disaster awareness, risk reduction and capacity development for resilient communities with the help of international cooperation. “Third Country Training Programme on Disaster Risk Management and Building Disaster Resilient Communities” that had been organized by METU Disaster Management Center for total of 35 participants from Asian countries with the cooperation of Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) and Turkish Cooperation and Coordination Agency (TİKA) between 2017 to 2019 is one of the examples in this respect. Although it is quite pleasing to know about some of the participants who had some opportunities to realize several implications in their countries after knowledge sharing, it is a must to know what necessarily to do at localities where diverse cultural, institutional settings in order for effective way of implementation of common ideas that are shared on international platforms. Here, it is also essential to know and care about the level of risk awareness of local diversities and varieties. Individual risk awareness, social relations, institutional structure and cultural settings necessitate a new design pursuit at local level. At this point, the question that is still waiting for some answers is “how does it possible to produce a disaster resilient, sustainable society that is combined with local dynamics with the guidance of international disaster policies?”.
Keywords: risk society, disaster risk management, local diversities, international cooperation