Adaptation of Code-Domain NOMA to SC-FDE Based Overloaded mmWave Hybrid Massive MIMO

Bayraktar M., GÜVENSEN G. M.

IEEE COMMUNICATIONS LETTERS, vol.26, no.3, pp.667-671, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/lcomm.2021.3135379
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.667-671
  • Keywords: NOMA, Massive MIMO, Uplink, Radio frequency, Multiuser detection, Decision feedback equalizers, Wideband, Code-domain NOMA, SC-FDE, mmWave, massive MIMO, hybrid beamforming, SYSTEMS
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In this letter, we provide a practical framework to resolve whether code-domain NOMA (CD-NOMA) is beneficial when integrated with massive MIMO systems. In order to realize this integration, first, we develop a novel code-beamspace wideband signal model for uplink CD-NOMA in mmWave hybrid massive MIMO systems employing single-carrier (SC) transmission. Then, we apply a state-of-the-art SC frequency domain equalization (SC-FDE) based iterative receiver where the number of radio frequency (RF) chains is limited. Simulation results verify the effectiveness of the proposed architecture in overloaded scenarios. Furthermore, we show that CD-NOMA can enhance the performance of mmWave hybrid beamforming based massive MIMO systems by effectively decreasing the correlation between closely separated user channels in joint code-beamspace.