Synthesis, Analysis, and Design of a Novel Mechanism for the Trailing Edge of a Morphing Wing

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Sahin H. L., YAMAN Y.

AEROSPACE, vol.5, no.4, 2018 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 5 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.3390/aerospace5040127
  • Journal Name: AEROSPACE
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus
  • Keywords: morphing wings, kinematic synthesis, kinematic analysis, scissor-structural mechanisms, scissor-like elements, aerodynamic analysis, dynamic force analysis, OPTIMIZATION
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


In the design and analysis of morphing wings, several sciences need to be integrated. This article tries to answer the question, "What is the most appropriate actuation mechanism to morph the wing profile?" by introducing the synthesis, analysis, and design of a novel scissor-structural mechanism (SSM) for the trailing edge of a morphing wing. The SSM, which is deployable, is created via a combination of various scissor-like elements (SLEs). In order to provide mobility requirements, a four-bar linkage (FBL) is assembled with the proposed SSM. The SSM is designed with a novel kinematic synthesis concept, so it follows the airfoil camber with minimum design error. In this concept, assuming a fully-compliant wing skin, various types of SLEs are assembled together, and emergent SSM provide the desired airfoil geometries. In order to provide the required aerodynamic efficiency of newly-created airfoil geometries and obtain pressure distribution over the airfoil, two-dimensional (2D) aerodynamic analyses have been conducted. The analyses show similar aerodynamic behavior with the desired NACA airfoils. By assigning the approximate link masses and mass centers, the dynamic force analysis of the mechanism has also been performed, and the required torque to drive the newly-developed SSM is estimated as feasible.