MOLTEN SALT ELECTROLYSIS OF MgCl2 IN A CELL WITH RAPID CHLORINE REMOVAL FEATURE


Demirci G., Karakaya I.

Symposium on Magnesium Technology held during TMS Annual Meeting and Exhibition, Florida, Amerika Birleşik Devletleri, 11 - 15 Mart 2012, ss.59-62 identifier

  • Basıldığı Şehir: Florida
  • Basıldığı Ülke: Amerika Birleşik Devletleri
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.59-62

Özet

An experimental electrolytic magnesium production cell was designed to remove chlorine gas from the electrolyte rapidly and demonstrate the beneficial effects of reduced chlorine dissolution into the molten salt electrolyte. The back reaction that is the main cause of current losses in electrolytic magnesium production was reduced as a result of effective separation of electrode products and decreased contact time of chlorine gas with the electrolyte. Moreover, smaller inter electrode distances employed and lower chlorine gas present on the anode surface made it possible to work at low cell voltages. Electrolytic cell was tested at different current densities. Energy consumption of 7.0 kWh kg(-1) Mg that is slightly above the theoretical minimum, 6.2 kWh kg(-1) Mg, at 0.68 Acm(-2) anodic current density was achieved for a MgCl2/NaCl/KCl electrolyte.