In this study, ultrafine particles were recovered from Catalagzi (CFA) and Sugozu (SFA) thermal power plant fly ashes using a specific hydraulic classification technology. Since fly ashes have a high tendency to be flocculated in water, settling experiments were first designed to determine the more effective dispersant and the optimum dosage. Two different types of the superplasticizers (SP) polymers based on sulphonate (NSF, Disal) and carboxylate (Glenium 7500) were used as the dispersing agents in these settling experiments. Hydraulic classification experiments were then conducted to separate ultrafine fractions from the fly ash samples on the basis of the settling experiments. According to the settling experiments, better results were achieved with the use of Disal for both CFA and SFA. The classification experiments showed that the overflow products with average particle sizes of 5.2 mu m for CFA and 4.4 mu m for SFA were separated from the respective as-received samples with acceptable yields and high enough recoveries of -5 mu m (ultrafine) particles. Overall results pointed out that the hydraulic classification technology used provided promising results in the ultrafine particle separations from the fly ash samples.