Solid or liquid? Solidification of a nanoconfined liquid under nonequilibrium conditions


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Patil S., MATEİ G., Oral A. , Hoffmann P. M.

LANGMUIR, cilt.22, sa.15, ss.6485-6488, 2006 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 22 Konu: 15
  • Basım Tarihi: 2006
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1021/la060504w
  • Dergi Adı: LANGMUIR
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.6485-6488

Özet

There has been a long-standing debate about the physical state and possible phase transformations of confined liquids. In this report, we show that a model-confined liquid can behave both as a Newtonian liquid with very little change in its dynamics and as a pseudosolid, depending solely on the rate of approach of the confining surfaces. Thus, the confined liquid does not exhibit any confinement-induced solidification in thermodynamic equilibrium. Instead, solidification is induced kinetically when the two confining surfaces are approached with a minimum critical rate. This critical rate is surprisingly slow (on the order of 6 angstrom/s), explaining the frequent observation of confinement-induced solidification.