Housing after disaster: A post occupancy evaluation of a reconstruction project

Dikmen N., ELİAS ÖZKAN S. T.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DISASTER RISK REDUCTION, vol.19, pp.167-178, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 19
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2016.08.020
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.167-178
  • Keywords: Housing needs, User satisfaction, Post-disaster housing, Cankiri earthquake, SATISFACTION
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The permanent post-disaster houses constructed in the rural areas of Cankiri Province in Turkey, were investigated as part of a post-occupancy evaluation of the reconstruction project, undertaken by the Turkish Ministry of Environment and Urbanisation. The aim of the study was to examine whether houses constructed with Typical or Custom Designs met the needs of the users in the region or not. Field surveys were undertaken, and face to face interviews were conducted with the beneficiaries of the reconstruction project and the Ministry officials who were responsible for the project. A questionnaire was distributed to the beneficiaries of the housing loans and four case studies were carried out on selected houses with various typologies. The data collected from the interviews and questionnaire survey as well as a survey of the modifications in the architectural design of the houses revealed that there was a high level of dissatisfaction with the Typical Designs supplied by the Ministry. On the other hand, since the Custom Designs were closer to traditional houses from the point of view of occupants needs, satisfaction rate was higher; although the beneficiaries indicated that traditional houses were more appropriate to their lifestyles. This paper presents data collected and details regarding the modifications made or desired by the occupants in their permanent post disaster houses. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.