Development and evaluation of punching shear database for flat slab-column connections without shear reinforcement


Derogar S., Ince C., Mandal P.

STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING AND MECHANICS, vol.66, no.2, pp.203-215, 2018 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 66 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.12989/sem.2018.66.2.203
  • Title of Journal : STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING AND MECHANICS
  • Page Numbers: pp.203-215
  • Keywords: punching shear, flat slab-column connections, test, regression, STRENGTH CONCRETE PLATES, RC SLABS, FIBER REINFORCEMENT, 2-WAY SLABS, RECTANGULAR COLUMNS, FAILURE MODE, BEHAVIOR, TESTS, STEEL, RESISTANCE

Abstract

A large body of experiments have been conducted to date to evaluate the punching shear strength of flat slab-olumn connections, but it is noted that only a few of them have been considered for the development of the ACI Code provisions. The limited test results used for the development of the code provisions fall short of predicting accurately the punching shear strength of such connections. In an effort to address this shortfall and to gain an insight into the factors that control the punching shear strength of flat slab-column connections, we report a qualified database of 650 punching shear test results in this article. All slabs examined in this database were tested under gravity loading and do not contain shear reinforcement. In order to justify including any test result for evaluation punching shear database, we have developed an approved set of criteria. Carefully established set of criteria represent the actual characteristics of structures that include minimum compressive strength, effective depths of slab, flexural and compression reinforcement ratio and column size. The key parameters that significantly affect the punching shear strength of flat slab-column connections are then examined using ACI 318-14 expression. The results reported here have paramount significance on the range of applicability of the ACI Code provision and seem to indicate that the ACI provisions do not sufficiently capture many trends identified through regression of the principal parameters, and fall on the unsafe side for the prediction of the punching shear strength of flat slab-column connections.