Why Would Opt-Out System for Organ Procurement Be Fairer?

CİVANER M. M., Alpinar Z., Ors Y.

SYNTHESIS PHILOSOPHICA, vol.25, no.2, pp.367-376, 2010 (AHCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Journal Indexes: Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.367-376
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The possibility of organ transplantation has created new problems for medical ethics as well as clinical medicine. One of them, organ procurement, is tried to be solved mainly by two systems. Many countries have adopted the 'opt-in system', which aims to raise awareness and make the individuals donate their organs by their own will. The other system, 'optout' or 'presumed consent', which considers all members of society as potential donors, was adopted by some countries. In this system, individuals should state that they do not wish to donate their organs; otherwise they are considered as donors. By trying to ground our argument with various justifications, we claim that opt-out system for organ procurement is a fairer option regarding the right to access to healthcare needed, and therefore it should be implemented instead of opt-in.