A DRBEM solution for MHD pipe flow in a conducting medium

JOURNAL OF COMPUTATIONAL AND APPLIED MATHEMATICS, vol.259, pp.720-729, 2014 (SCI-Expanded)

• Publication Type: Article / Article
• Volume: 259
• Publication Date: 2014
• Doi Number: 10.1016/j.cam.2013.05.010
• Journal Name:
• Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
• Page Numbers: pp.720-729
• Keywords: MHD pipe flow, DRBEM, Conducting exterior medium, BOUNDARY-ELEMENT METHOD, MAGNETIC-FIELD, MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC FLOW, RECTANGULAR DUCT
• Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Numerical solutions are given for magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) pipe flow under the influence of a transverse magnetic field when the outside medium is also electrically conducting. Convection-diffusion-type MHD equations for inside the pipe are coupled with the Laplace equation defined in the exterior region, and the continuity requirements for the induced magnetic fields are also coupled on the pipe wall. The most general problem of a conducting pipe wall with thickness, which also has magnetic induction generated by the effect of an external magnetic field, is also solved. The dual reciprocity boundary element method (DRBEM) is applied directly to the whole coupled equations with coupled boundary conditions at the pipe wall. Discretization with constant boundary elements is restricted to only the boundary of the pipe due to the regularity conditions at infinity. This eliminates the need for assuming an artificial boundary far away from the pipe, and then discretizing the region below it. Thus, the computational efficiency of the proposed numerical procedure lies in the solving of small sized systems, as compared to domain discretization methods. Computations are carried out for several values of the Reynolds number Re, the magnetic pressure Rh of the fluid, and the magnetic Reynolds numbers Rm(1) and Rm(2) of the fluid and the outside medium, respectively. Exact solution of the problem of MHD pipe flow in an insulating medium validates the results of the numerical procedure. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.