Effect of some rock mass properties on blasting-induced ground vibration wave characteristics

Aldas G., Bilgin H.

CIM BULLETIN, vol.97, no.1079, pp.52-59, 2004 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 97 Issue: 1079
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Title of Journal : CIM BULLETIN
  • Page Numbers: pp.52-59
  • Keywords: blast vibration, seismic wave, wave propagation, vibration measurement


Ground vibration is the natural result of the blasting process. Many empirical formulae and methodologies including analysis of travel path effects have been developed. The scaled distance, which is the most popular approach for the calculation of the attenuation of particle velocity in the ground, has led to significant advances in the prediction of particle velocity when both explosive charge and distance vary. However, this approach does not consider the effect of ground anisotropy and existence of structural geological features on ground vibration, Therefore, in this study, the effects of these rock mass properties on types, amplitudes, and frequencies of ground vibration waves at four surface mines are examined. The results, which were implemented at Kangal coal mine, Bastas quarry and Kibris quarry, provided guidance for the extensive study at Orhaneli surface coal mine.