Electrophoretic mobility is a physical phenomenon defining the mobility of charged particles in a solution under applied electric field. As charged biological systems, living cells including both prokaryotes and eukaryotes have been assessed in terms of electrophoretic mobility to decipher their electrochemical structure. Moreover, determination of electrophoretic mobility of living cancer cells have promoted the advance exploration of the nature of the cancer cells and separation of cancer cells from normal ones under applied electric field. However, electrophoretic mobility of drug-resistant cells has not yet been examined. In the present study, we determined the electrophoretic mobility of drug-resistant cancer cell lines for both suspension and adherent cells and compared with those of drug-sensitive counterparts. We showed that resistance to anticancer drugs alters the electrophoretic mobility in a permanent manner, even lasting without any exposure to anticancer agents for a long time period. We also studied the cellular morphologies of adherent cells where the cellular invaginations and protrusions were increased in drug-resistant adherent cells, which could be direct cause of altered surface charge and electrophoretic mobility as a result. These findings could be helpful in terms of understanding the electrophysiological and physicochemical background of drug resistance in cancer cells and developing systems to separate drug-sensitive cells from drug-resistant ones.