Effect of Feed Composition on the Gas Separation Performance of Binary and Ternary Mixed Matrix Membranes


Sen D., YILMAZ L. , KALIPÇILAR H.

SEPARATION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, cilt.48, sa.6, ss.859-866, 2013 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 48 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2013
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/01496395.2012.722741
  • Dergi Adı: SEPARATION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.859-866

Özet

Binary and ternary component mixed matrix membranes comprised of zeolite 4A and p-nitroaniline (pNA) in the polycarbonate (PC) matrix were prepared and appraised in gas separation. For comparison, homogenous membranes of PC and PC/pNA membranes were also investigated. The membranes were utilized to separate binary mixtures of CO2/CH4, H2/CH4, and CO2/N2. The effect of feed composition on the separation performance of membranes was investigated. Separation factors and ideal selectivities were similar for the PC membrane. A similar trend was also observed with the PC/pNA membrane. The separation factors of the PC/pNA membrane for CO2/CH4 were almost twice as high as those of the PC membrane regardless of the feed composition. The ideal selectivities were, however, higher than separation factors for PC/zeolite 4A and PC/pNA/zeolite 4A membranes. The PC/ pNA/zeolite 4A membrane has separation factors of 18 for 77% CO2/ 23% CH4 mixture, and 40 for 20% CO2/ 80% CH4 mixture, respectively. The separation factors of the mixed matrix membranes depended on the feed composition strongly. The PC/ pNA/zeolite 4A membrane had higher separation factors and lower permeabilities than the PC/zeolite 4A membrane. pNA assisted to eradicate partly the detrimental effects of interfacial voids and improved the molecular sieving effect of zeolite 4A dispersed in the PC.