Evaluating the performance of a WRF initial and physics ensemble over Eastern Black Sea and Mediterranean regions in Turkey

Düzenli E., Yücel İ., Pilatin H., Yılmaz M. T.

Atmospheric Research, vol.248, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 248
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.atmosres.2020.105184
  • Journal Name: Atmospheric Research
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), CAB Abstracts, Communication Abstracts, Environment Index, INSPEC, Metadex, Pollution Abstracts, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: Numerical weather prediction, Sensitivity analysis, Ensemble approach, WRF-derived precipitation estimates, Extreme precipitation, Performance measure, HEAVY PRECIPITATION, WEATHER RESEARCH, EXTREME PRECIPITATION, FORECASTING-MODEL, DATA ASSIMILATION, CONVECTION, RAINFALL, CLIMATE, RESOLUTION, MESOSCALE
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


© 2020 Elsevier B.V.The physics- and initial-based ensemble approach for Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model is applied for predicting four different extreme precipitation events that occurred in summer and autumn over the two most flood-prone regions of Turkey, namely; the Eastern Black Sea (EBS) and Mediterranean (MED). A total of 48 runs, each of which includes two nested domains, is designed considering four microphysics (MP), three cumulus (CU), two planetary boundary layer (PBL) schemes, and two initial forcing datasets (ERA5 and Global Forecast System (GFS)) for each event. The forecast skill of the runs is measured through the hierarchic application of the Technique for Order of Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) method using five categorical and four statistical metrics. The best ten members for each event are validated on the independent events. The MP scheme is the most influential on precipitation estimates between the schemes, especially for the autumn events. However, the choice of a specific MP scheme varies with season and region. Similarly, PBL and CU schemes show a high dependency on event timing and location. Forecasts based on ERA5 yield the highest accuracy over EBS, while GFS-based forecasts are better in the MED region. Most of the top ten members are represented by runs from the 9-km domain. The model parameterization generally shows a more significant impact than model initiation on precipitation variability through spatiotemporal runs. Also, the dynamic downscaling of ERA5 through the WRF model indeed produces better precipitation estimates than ERA5 products over topographically complex regions.