ARISTOTLE, HEIDEGGER, AND THE MEGARIANS


ÜNLÜ H.

REVUE ROUMAINE DE PHILOSOPHIE, vol.64, no.1, pp.125-139, 2020 (Journal Indexed in AHCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 64 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Title of Journal : REVUE ROUMAINE DE PHILOSOPHIE
  • Page Numbers: pp.125-139

Abstract

This paper examines Aristotle's analysis of unenacted capacities to show the role they play in his discovery of the concept of actuality. I first argue that Aristotle begins Metaphysics IX by focusing on active and passive capacities, after which I discuss Aristotle's confrontation with the Megarians, the philosophers who maintain that a capacity is present only insofar as it is being enacted. Using Heidegger's interpretation as a guide, I show that Aristotle's rejection of the Megarian position leads him to propose that presence cannot be confined to activity. I also argue that this provides the context for Aristotle to realize that the relation between capacity and activity can be generalized as the relation between two ways of being.