High-volume natural volcanic pozzolan and limestone powder as partial replacements for portland cement in self-compacting and sustainable concrete

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Celik K., Jackson M., Mancio M., Meral Ç., Emwas A., Mehta P., ...More

CEMENT & CONCRETE COMPOSITES, vol.45, pp.136-147, 2014 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 45
  • Publication Date: 2014
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2013.09.003
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.136-147
  • Keywords: Basaltic ash pozzolan, Limestone filler, Self-consolidating concrete, Compressive strength, Chloride migration, Petrographic analysis, GAS-PERMEABILITY, COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH, HYDRATION PROCESS, BLENDED CEMENT, FLY-ASH, FILLER, DURABILITY, SHRINKAGE, MORTAR


A laboratory study demonstrates that high volume, 45% by mass replacement of portland cement (OPC) with 30% finely-ground basaltic ash from Saudi Arabia (NP) and 15% limestone powder (LS) produces concrete with good workability, high 28-day compressive strength (39 MPa), excellent one year strength (57 MPa), and very high resistance to chloride penetration. Conventional OPC is produced by intergrinding 95% portland clinker and 5% gypsum, and its clinker factor (CF) thus equals 0.95. With 30% NP and 15% LS portland clinker replacement, the CF of the blended ternary PC equals 0.52 so that 48% CO2 emissions could be avoided, while enhancing strength development and durability in the resulting self-compacting concrete (SCC). Petrographic and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) investigations of the crushed NP and finely-ground NP in the concretes provide new insights into the heterogeneous fine-scale cementitious hydration products associated with basaltic ash-portland cement reactions. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.