A deep investigation of EOR/EGR and stimulation enhancement methods in unconventional reservoirs

Temizel C., Canbaz C., AYDIN H., Wijaya Z.

21st European Symposium on Improved Oil Recovery, IOR 2021, Virtual, Online, 19 - 22 April 2021 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume:
  • Doi Number: 10.3997/2214-4609.202133103
  • City: Virtual, Online
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


© IOR 2021 - 21st European Symposium on Improved Oil Recovery.Production from Unconventional structures is being expected to be the future trend of oil and gas industry. Although the primary recovery values range between 5 to 8%, liquid-rich shale structures has great amount of hydrocarbon in place and it can be produced by EOR applications such as cyclic gas injection that can boost the production up to 1.7 times. This reference study gives a deep review of EOR mechanisms and the stimulation techniques for unconventionals. A comprehensive investigation about the historical development of the concept, the technologies utilized as well as transferred from other industries, adaptness and impetus of the methods in both conventional and unconventional structures is described with the escalating efficacies that these methods ensured for different reservoir structures. The concepts are exemplified with existing worldwide field case studies and applications by implying the advantages, challenges and drawbacks belong to each story. All parameters are discussed and summarized that lead to conclusions on the criteria of application of enhanced technologies. The concept of EOR and Stimulation is a proven area of application which demonstrated itself with its great number of worldwide applications in conventional structures. Key factor of success for an EOR application is to evaluate each case individually to take the suitable actions of technical and economic concerns. This study underlines the theory, key parameters, methodology, challenges and advantages of a successful EOR application for the wells that include intelligent or standard completions in unconventional structures. It aims to serve as a unique reference study which combines of all the aspects of the employed techniques and their usability in specific cases. There are dozens of publications which includes certain examples of Enhanced Oil and Gas technologies, but a detailed study that includes all the aspects of EOR methods suitable to apply in unconventional reservoirs is missing. This study aims to be a reference study by giving all the details from design to result of a successful EOR application in unconventional reservoirs.