Importance of problem solving skill, perceived social support, and depression and anxiety symptoms on suicide attempts


Ozguven H., Soykan C., Haran S., Gencoz T.

TURK PSIKOLOJI DERGISI, vol.18, no.52, pp.1-11, 2003 (Journal Indexed in SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 18 Issue: 52
  • Publication Date: 2003
  • Title of Journal : TURK PSIKOLOJI DERGISI
  • Page Numbers: pp.1-11

Abstract

This study aimed at examining varying features of crisis cases, who have suicide attempts as compared to those crisis cases with no suicide history and-also with normal controls. This comparison was established not only on the bases of depression and anxiety symptoms but also on problem solving skills and perceived social-support. The sample of the study Was composed of 227 participants, 83 of whom were crisis patients who have attempted suicide within last week (suicidal group), 64 were patients suffering from acute crises but had no suicide history (crisis group), and 70 those having no psychological problems-of any kind (normal control group).:Based on the variance analyses where. age was a control variable, as expected suicidal cases had significantly more depressive symptoms than the other two groups. Furthermore, non-suicidal crises cases reported more depressive symptoms than the normal controls. Regarding anxiety symptoms and perceived social support there were no significant differences between suicidal and non-suicidal crises cases. However both crisis groups suffered more from anxiety symptoms and perceived less social support as compared to normal controls. On the basis of the problem solving skills, crises cages with no suicidal history did not significantly differ from normal control group. Where as both of these groups as compared to crisis cases with suicidal. history, revealed better problem solving skills. Finally, according to the regression analysis carried out for suicidal cases, high anxiety symptoms, low level of perceived social support from family, and among problem solving styles relying on "impulsive style" emerged as important risk-factors for suicide. These findings were discussed in-relation to relevant literature.