Ideational Factors in Turkey's Alignment with Qatar and Their Impact on Regional Security

Battaloglu N. H.

INTERNATIONAL SPECTATOR, vol.56, no.4, pp.101-118, 2021 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 56 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/03932729.2021.1994181
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, International Bibliography of Social Sciences, Periodicals Index Online, PAIS International, Political Science Complete, Public Affairs Index, Worldwide Political Science Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.101-118
  • Keywords: Turkey, Qatar, foreign policy, identity, regional security, NATIONAL ROLE CONCEPTIONS, TURKISH FOREIGN-POLICY, MIDDLE-EAST, ACTIVISM, ERA, IR, POLITICS, SHIFT
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Turkey and Qatar have developed exceptionally cordial relations and aligned their foreign policies on many regional issues. In the 2017 Gulf crisis, despite the risk of incurring material losses and sacrificing relations with blockading countries, Turkey quickly came to the support of Qatar alleviating Doha's physical and political isolation. This highlights how ideational elements and norms play a crucial role in Turkey's foreign policy towards Qatar, with wider implications for regional security and intra-Sunni disputes. The ideational dimensions of Turkey's foreign policy towards Qatar are especially evident when looking at Turkish national role conceptions as reflected in Ankara's official discourse under the rule of the Justice and Development Party (AKP).